A small Vue.js app

Displaying a list of tags from an array

So far, I have written a Vue.js app that:

  1. Displays its own title, which is stored as a string in its data object
  2. Takes text as user input and stores it in its data object as a string
  3. Takes tags as user input and stores them in its data object as an array of strings


Next, I want to display the list of tags in a useful way.

To do this, I need to iterate over the items in the tempTags array, and the Vue directive v-for exists for just this sort of job.

I’ll display two buttons for each item in the tempTags array: one displaying the text of the tag, and one with an “x” on it. This sets up the template for later adding a method to remove tags, and/or to have another view or action triggered by clicking on a tag name.

In the Vue instance’s template, I replace

<div id="tag-buttons-wrapper">
  Current tag list: {{tempTags}}


<div id="tag-buttons-wrapper">
  <div class="tag-buttons" v-for="tag in this.tempTags" v-bind:key="tag">
    <button class="tag-lhs">{{tag}}</button>
    <button class="tag-rhs"> x </button>

The v-for="tag in this.tempTags" bit repeats the template element (a <div> with class="tag-buttons") once for each item in the tempTags array. It also gives the current iteration’s array item the name tag. Whichever item the loop has reached in the array, the mustache interpolation {{tag}} within the loop applies to the value of that item.

I also added v-bind:key="tag" to the element.

The directive v-bind binds an attribute (or a component prop) to the value of an expression, so that Vue can make it reactive to changes in that value.

The key attribute is used to keep track of a specific item, regardless of whether its array index changes. It needs to be bound to a unique identifier to work.

As v-for iterates through tempTags, v-bind:key="tag" binds the key attribute of each item to its actual value (tag). The tags themselves work as unique identifiers because I wrote the addNewTag(ev) method to make sure there are no duplicates.

I could have left out v-bind:key="tag" for the moment, because by default Vue tracks the items in a v-for loop by their array indices. However, the unique item identifier leaves less room for mix-ups in situations where the indices may change, e.g. if a tag is deleted from somewhere in the middle of the array.

Note that there is a shorthand for v-bind:, and it would work just as well to write :key instead of v-bind:key.

I’ve used some CSS to style the buttons, displaying each tag’s buttons side-by-side and turning the “x” button red when clicked. This particular button will gain its functionality in the next step.